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Publications

Stylized Person working at Computer with Clock Theme Graphic I focus on producing high quality peer reviewed journal articles as part of an ongoing active research agenda. I currently have additional works in progress and under review. Feel free to take a look at my published full text articles below. If you like what you read, Contact Me. I am always interested in meeting scholars doing complementary research and I am open to potentially collaborating on work in the future.


Peer-Reviewed
Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Under the Watchful Eye: Users’ Perceptions of Online Privacy and Surveillance

Standlee, Alecea. 2020. “Under the Watchful Eye: Users’ Perceptions of Online Privacy and Surveillance.” AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research. Retrieved https://doi.org/10.5210/spir.v2020i0.11335.

Abstract
This project seeks to contribute to the question, “How do internet users navigate data privacy in a digitally surveilled online world?” I augment this ongoing discussion by examining the perceptions and practices concerning privacy and self-representation in digital spaces among young adults, 18-22. This qualitative work utilizes in-depth interviews of college students in the United States to collect both behavioral and attitudinal patterns. Specifically, I consider the impact of the strategic interventions of corporate and governmental platforms to collect, distribute, and utilize individual level data on research participants’ information consumption, individual identity representation, and group affiliation. A preliminary analysis of the data finds participants engage in narrative rationalizations to help them navigate the cultural expectations of online engagement within a surveilled environment. Patterns of strategic self- representation are shaped by such rationalizations and justifications, including a fundamental shift in what the concept “privacy” means in an online world.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Friendship and Online Filtering: The Use of Social Media to Construct Offline Social Networks

Standlee, Alecea. 2019. “Friendship and Online Filtering: The Use of Social Media to Construct Offline Social Networks.” New Media & Society. 21:3 pp 770–85.

Abstract
This article explores technologically integrated relationship practices among college students. Analyzing interviews of 52 participants at two very different US colleges, I explore how they construct, establish, and maintain technologically mediated social networks. This research focuses specifically on the practice of “doing homework,” in which participants conduct social media investigations of potential friends and use that data to determine if a relationship continues. Findings suggest the establishment of offline relationships includes the use of social media profiles to collect social and political attitude data on potential friends. Participants report the use of such data as essential to their decision-making processes about friendship, resulting in a potential increase in social and political homogeneity within offline social networks. These findings contribute to our ongoing understanding of the role of informational echo chambers within a technologically integrated social environment.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Doing Your Homework: The Use of Social Media as a Friendship Filter

Standlee, Alecea. 2018. “Doing Your Homework: The Use of Social Media as a Friendship Filter.” AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research. Retrieved https://doi.org/10.5210/spir.v2018i0.10507.

Abstract
Today, a proliferation of new communication technologies has reshaped the foundations of social interaction. For young adults who were born in the midst of the current technological age, social media and information distribution technologies and practices are part of normal everyday social interaction, even within their intimate lives. Recent scholarship on the impact of such shifting social practices has identified important patterns in how technologies are utilized as part of social life, and increasingly such scholarship has also identified some of the profound implications of such transformations. As I discuss, among the most visible and important of these implications is the evidence of the increasing partisan nature of information consumption, sometimes referred to as "echo chambers" or "filter bubbles." This paper expands this work to consider how the use of social media as a filter in the establishment of friendship networks among college students in offline spaces, shapes the composition of such social networks.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Historical Drivers and Contemporary Perceptions of Wildfire in a Post-Industrial Rural Landscape

Saladyga, Thomas, and Alecea Standlee. 2018. “Historical Drivers and Contemporary Perceptions of Wildfire in a Post-Industrial Rural Landscape.” Fire 1(3):33. Retrieved http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/fire1020033.

Abstract
Placed-based fire management planning that considers historical patterns and processes as well as contemporary local knowledge is recognized as an alternative to broad-scale, regional approaches. In this paper, we used dendrochronology and an online survey to assess historical trends and contemporary perceptions of wildfire, respectively, in the fire-prone anthracite coal region of northeastern Pennsylvania. We developed an annual index of fire occurrence and extent from 216 fire-scarred pitch pine (Pinus rigida) distributed across 9 ridgetop study sites for the period 1900–2016. In addition, we collected survey responses from area residents regarding contemporary perceptions of wildfire hazards and management. Our results show that 20th century wildfire activity was not associated with drought, but closely followed fluctuations in the anthracite coal industry, with increased fire occurrence and extent associated with times of severe job losses. Less extensive wildfire continues to occur frequently, with area residents recognizing the need for fuel management (i.e., prescribed fire) and an increase in resources allocated to wildfire prevention and management as well as trash disposal and recycling programs. Our research represents one example of an integrated approach to informing sustainable fire management that considers the link between historical patterns and contemporary perceptions.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Digital Ethnography and Youth Culture: Methodological Techniques and Ethical Dilemmas

Standlee, Alecea. 2017. “Digital Ethnography and Youth Culture: Methodological Techniques and Ethical Dilemmas.” Researching Kids and Teens: Methodological Issues, Strategies, and Innovations. Vol. 22, Sociological Studies of Children and Youth. Edited by Ingrid Castro, Melissa Swauger and Brent Harger. Boston, MA. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.

Abstract
Conducting research with children and youth has become increasingly challenging in recent years. At times these difficulties come in the form of restrictions by Institutional Review Boards, funding agencies and parents. Additionally, changes in youth culture and behavior, specifically regarding online activities and digitally mediated communications, impact the access that researchers have to children and youth communities in significant ways. In this chapter, I propose that the use of an emerging methodological technique, digital ethnography, may provide researchers with new data sources on children and youth culture. Digital ethnography combines ethnographic techniques of observation, participation and interview with content analysis to collect rich data about online behavior, norms, expectations and interactions. This technique not only provides researchers with sources of data that allow insight into youth culture by acknowledging the increasing importance of online and digital interactions in youth culture, but may also address some of the concerns raised by IRBs and other interested parties about conducting research with children and teens. This chapter provides practical and ethical considerations of this method, as well as a discussion of limitations of data collection and access as it highlights new ways of studying youth culture, using emerging data collection techniques in innovative research projects.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Technology and Making Meaning in College Relationships: Understanding Hyper-Connectivity

Standlee, Alecea. 2016. “Technology and Making Meaning in College Relationships: Understanding Hyper-Connectivity.” Qualitative Sociological Review. 12:2 pp. 6-21.

Abstract
This article explores how the use of communication technology has transformed social interactions and the sense of self that is derived from such interactions by considering the role of presence and absence in relationships among college students. Analyzing interviews with 38 participants, the article explores how they construct understandings of presence, absence, connection and disconnection within peer social groups and intimate relationships, indicating the emergence of a culture of hyper-connection. The article suggests that technological developments have enabled forms of interaction that encourage frequent connection and the idealization of constant communication among participants. These findings further indicate that the normalization of hyper-connection may have impacts on relationship practices and constructions of identity among participants.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Shifting Spheres: Gender, Labor and the Construction of National Identity

Standlee, Alecea. 2010. “Shifting Spheres: Gender, Labor and the Construction of National Identity.” Minerva Journal of Women and War. 4:1 pp. 43-62.

Abstract
U.S. Government propaganda during the Second World War promoted an opportunistic shift in gender and labor ideology. This article examines wartime posters to argue that a new definition of "home" was created during this era by media-based labor recruitment campaigns which redefined the private sphere to include the national "home front," maintaining an ideological separation from the public sphere of international and military action. This conceptual transformation allowed the participation of women in the labor market while supporting the ideological location of women within the homesphere, thus maintaining (and reinforcing) the hierarchical gendered separation of public and private domains.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's Ethnographic Approaches to the Internet and Computer-Mediated Communication

Garcia, Angela, Alecea Standlee, Jennifer Bechkoff, Yan Cui. 2009. “Ethnographic Approaches to the Internet and Computer-Mediated Communication.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. 8:1 pp. 52-84.

  • Reprint: Sage Internet Research Methods, Vol. 3, Taking Research Online - Qualitative Approaches. 2012. Edited by Jason Huges. London. Sage Publications.
  • Reprint: Sage Benchmarks in Social Research Methods Series. Vol. 3, Data Collection. 2011. Edited by W. Paul Vogt. Thousand Oaks, CA. Sage Publications.
  • Journal of Contemporary Ethnography Most Cited Article 2009, 2010.
  • SAGE’s list of “Most Downloaded Articles 2009-2010.”

Abstract
This article reviews ethnographic research on the Internet and computer-mediated communication. The technologically mediated environment prevents researchers from directly observing research participants and often makes the interaction anonymous. In addition, in the online environment direct interaction with participants is replaced by computer-screen data that are largely textual, but may include combinations of textual, visual, aural, and kinetic components. This article shows how the online environment requires adjustments in how ethnographers define the setting of their research, conduct participant observation and interviews, obtain access to settings and research subjects, and deal with the ethical dilemmas posed by the medium.


Book - Edited Volume

Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's On the Borders of the Academy: Challenges and Strategies for First-Generation Graduate Students and Faculty

Standlee, Alecea. Ed. 2018. On the Borders of the Academy: Challenges and Strategies for First Generation Graduate Students and Faculty. Syracuse University Graduate Press.

Download Excerpt from the Book

Available for sale at Amazon and wherever fine books are sold. 

Abstract
One of the most significant achievements in U.S. higher education during the latter half of the 20th century was the increasing access enjoyed by historically marginalized populations, especially women, people of color, and the poor and working class. With this achievement has come a growing population of first-generation graduate students and faculty members, who struggle at times to navigate unfamiliar territory. Today, these individuals and institutions are faced with profound challenges in adapting to shifts within a social environment increasingly hostile to education. The growing diversity in higher education has left it open to attacks by those who wish to maintain systems of privilege and inequality. This book offers insight on the challenges of first-generation academics, as well as practical tools for navigating the halls of the academy for individuals and institutional allies alike.

Topics include:
• Class transgression
• Navigating outsider status
• Gaining social capital
• Experiencing tokenism and marginality
• Academic work environment
• Neolibralization of academic labor


Other Publications

Download Policies and Practices to Help First-Generation College Students Succeed

Standlee, Alecea. “Policies and Practices to Help First-Generation College Students Succeed.” Inside Higher Ed. April 11, 2019 Retrieved https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2019/04/11/policies-and-practices-help-first-generation-college-students-succeed-opinion.

Abstract
No one expected me to attend college. As a first-generation college student, I was from a desperately poor family in a rural community. I was one of only six members of my entire high school graduating class to attend a higher education institution. Today, I am a professor at a private liberal arts college and a career academic. While I am proud of my achievements, my ability to be here is the result of a lifetime of support from my family and community, as well as my academic institutions. First-generation students today are faced with academic, financial and cultural challenges, even as a college education is ever more necessary for career achievement. College leaders and faculty members, including those who are first generation themselves, play a role in the development of policies and practices to help them deal with those challenges. I recommend a number of polices and practices that they can implement to help retain first-generation students and allow them to reach their potential.


Download Prof. Alecea Standlee's The Pros/Cons of Social Media Use by Students

Standlee, Alecea. “The Pros/Cons of Social Media Use by Students.” The Social Media Monthly, May 1, 2018. Retrieved https://thesocialmediamonthly.com/pros-cons-social-media-use-students.

Abstract
The U.S. is a nation currently divided along social and political lines, a nation where real differences in ethical beliefs and morality exist, and where the spread of misinformation has widened the gap between social groups. Once seen as a means to build a connected future, today social media has come under attack for its potential dangers. Today more than ever, we must take a hard look at how social media can cause both benefit and harm in our society. While I am broadly interested in the study of social media and information and communication technologies, my current scholarly interest is in studying college students in the U.S. and understanding how their friendships and social networks have been transformed by social media. In my most recent study, I collected data thorough extensive interviewing and online observation of social media sites with more than 50 participants and two different colleges. I discovered that today’s college students use social media to decide who to be friends with and how to build friendship networks, and they often find themselves operating within a bubble, where the information they get is shaped not only by social media provider algorithms but also by their social circle. Students can find themselves ostracized by peers or can spend their time both online and off engaging only with those who share their views. Students told me they automatically screen potential friends for different social or political beliefs by looking at their postings. Individuals who hold different beliefs are dismissed as potential friends, resulting in friend circles with little social or political diversity.

astandle@gettysburg.edu • Gettysburg College • (717) 337-6194